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Frances Perkins

Frances Perkins (Fannie Coralie) was born on 10 April 1880 in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. She was the leader of Democratic Party and former of United States Secretary of Labor. She grew up in Worcester where his father ran a stationary store. She studied at the Worcester Classical High School. She served for American. Frances Perkins Provided jobs to the American and start the training program, she monitoring a social revolution in the United States, during the 1930s to improve the fortunes of laborers and its effects continue long after. She rote many book and quote. She died in 14 May 1965 in New York, USA. In this page we provide you information, social activities, life history and biography of Frances Perkins in Urdu and Hindi.
 
 
 
Frances Perkins

Biodata:

Name: Frances Perkins

Personality: Former United States Secretary of Labor

Born (Birthday): 10 April 1880

Birth Place: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Party: Democratic Party

Died: 14 May 1965, New York, United States

Biography:

Frances Perkins 10 April 1880 ko Boston, Massachusetts, USA mein peda hoi aur us ka pedaiesh ke waqt rakha gaya nam Fannie Coralie Perkins tha. Us ne Worcester mai parwarish pai, jahan us ka bap (father) ek stationary store chlata tha. Woh kehti hein ke Worcester Classical High School mai parhney ke baad "mujhe pahli bar pata chla ke mery sir mai bhi dimagh mojood tha." Us ne adakari aur taqreer-bazi (acting and speeches) mai maharat ka muzahira kya senior sal ke douran class president muntakhib hoi. Frances Perkins ko us ke ek professor Annah May Soule ne bhi barhawa dya ke wo qareebi qasbey Holyoke mai waqai ek factory mai halate-kar ka mutala (study) kary. Wahan us nai bachcho (children’s), aurton (women’s) aur mardon (men’s) ko nehayat na-gufta-ba-halat mai bohat khrab ujrat (fee or salary) aur gher mehfooz gard-o-pesh mai mehanat karty dekha. Apny senior sal mai Frances Perkins nai bachchon (children’s against labor) sai mushaqqat ke khatmey aur aurton ke aoqat mehdood karny ke bary mai national consumers league ki General secretary Florence Keli ki guftugo suni. Es taqreer nai Frances Perkins ke dimagh ko bedaar kar dya aur ye kaam us ki umer bhar ki dilchaspi ban gya.

Samaji Sargarmiyan (Social Career):

"Azeem moashi bohran" ki chaki taly pisty hoe American us wqt waqai dohri museebat ka shikar mehsoos karny lagy jab Franklin Roosevelt nai 1933 mai Frances Perkins ko apna secretary of labor muqarar kar dya. Frances Perkins America mein wo sab se zayda taveel arsa kabeena mai shamil rehny wali pahli khatoon bhi thi. Roosevelt entezamia ke sary dour mai wo khidmat anjam deti rahi. Ek ba-azam smaji maslah ke tor per apny shandar career ke douran Frances Perkins nai mazdoron ki zindagion ko behtar bnaney aur be-rozgari mai khatir khaw kami laney ki jado-jehad ki. Us nai nokriyan (services or jobs) fraham kin, tarbiati programms shru kiea, ziyada se ziyada aoqat-kar, kam se kam tankhaw, be-rozgari allowance aur social security ka taiyon kya. Us ne America mai ek smaji enqelab ki nigrani ki jis nai 1930 ki dehai ke douran mazdooron (labors) ki qismat ko behtar bnaya aur kafi baad tak apny asarat jari rakhey.

1902 mai graduation ke baad Frances Perkins ne Chicago mai bator ustad kam kya aur apna farigh waqt Hull House samet mukhtalif settlement houses mai razakarana khidmat anjam detey hoe guzarne lagi. Us ka ek kam un mazdooron ki tankhaw (salary) jama karna tha jinhen ajreen dhoka dety thy. Apny tehqiqati dowron ke douran wo gharebo ke gharo mai gai aur labor unions sai pahli bar sahi trah mutoaraf hoi. "Zindagi ke gher zrori msaiel aur gher zrori gurbat ke mutalliq kuch karny ka soch kar" Frances Perkins nai ek smaji (social) eslah-kar banne ka socha "Philadelphia Research And Protective Association" mein aur shehar (city) mein tarken-e-watan aur siah-fam aurton ke sath hone wali zyadtion ki afwahon per tehqiq ki. Us nai muzalim se pardah uthaya aur qawanen mein tarmeem ke liye ham-khayal afrad ko tayar kya.

Es ke baad Frances Perkins “New York School of Philanthropy" mai parhny (study) New York city gai, 1910 mai master degree li aur "New York City Consumers League" ki executive secretary ke tor per mulazimat karny lagi. Wahan us nai san-a-ti eslah aur workshops ki behtri ke liye kam kya. Frances Perkins ki zindagi mein ek aeham mor 1911 mai aya jab us nai alam-nak “Triangle Shirtwaist” atish zadgi dekhi jis mai 146 mazdoor khwateen hangami rasty mojood na hone ke baies apni factory mai jal kar rakh ho gain. Aag se bachney ki khatir kood (jump) kar mar janey wali aurton ka "manzar in ke dil-o-dimagh per sabt ho gya. Inho ne zindagi mai jado jehad ki ek aesi rah ekhtyar kya jo es qisam ke afsos-nak waqoat ka tadrak karne ke liye halat peda kar sakti."

1912 mein Frances Perkins nai New York state ki muqananna mai bari jado-jehad ke baad aurton ke liye hafte mai zyada sai zyada 51 ghanty kam ka qanoon pas karwa lya. 1912 sai ly kar 1917 tak "New York Committee of Safety" mai kam karny ke douran us nai aese ajreen (owner) ko be-naqab kya jo apny mazdoron (labor) ki sehat aur hifazat ko nazar andaz kar rahy thy. Al Smith nai 1917 mai New York ka governor muntakib hone ke baad Frances Perkins sai New York state industrial commission ki pehli khatoon rukun banne ko kaha. Es oahdey (post) nai usy sari qoum mai sab sai zayda tankhaw lene wali ryasti mulazim bna dya. Frances Perkins nai " Bureau Of Mediation And Arbitration " ka charge sambhala, "Factory Inspection Division" ki tanzeem-e-no ki aur hartalo (strikes) sai nimatney ke liye field mai gai. Frances Perkins nazaryati tor per Republican Party ki hami thi. Lekin Smith ke esrar per Democratic Party mai shamil ho gai. Mehnat kashon ke sath talluqat mai awaleen mahireen mai sai ek ki hasiat mai mash'hoor ho jane ke baad wo Smith aur Roosevelt ki governors ke dor mai "New York State Industrial Board" aur phir "Industrial Commission" ki chair person bani.

jab no-muntakhib sadar Roosevelt nai Frances Perkins ko apni secretary of labor bnane ke liye chuna tow us nai enkar karty howe kaha ke mazdoor tanzeemo mai sai ksi aurat ko namzad karna chahea. Roosevelt nai esrar kya aur Frances Perkins es shart per man gai ke us (Roosevelt) ki entezamia liberal smaji (social) policies ko ekhtyar kare gi. Secretary of labor ki hasiat mai Frances Perkins nai qwaneen masoodey tayar karne aur aese program banane mai ek aeham kirdar ada kya jo Roosevelt ke "New Deal: The National Labor Relations Act" ka sange bunyad ban gay, federal emergency relief administration nai be-rozgaron ko nokrian (jobs) fraham kien, aur division of labor standards nai halat-e-kar ko behtar bnaya. Frances Perkins ne social security act manzoor karwane ki muhim bhi chlai. Es jamaa program mai be-rozgari aur borhon ke liye insurance shamil thi. Jesa ke Frances Perkins nai akhbari numaindon ko btaya: "ye dekhna bara baies-e-taskeen hai ke bunyadi pathar ek security structure mai rakha gya hai jis ka maqsad hmary awam ko zindagi ki bari dishwarim se bachana hai."

Tab ye ekhtelafe rae peda hoi ke kya ksi mulk (country) ko sangeen tareen bohran aur maali dbao ke dour sai nikalny ke amal ki qayadat ek aurat kar sakti hai. Lekin Frances Perkins ki mazdoor hami jado-jehad nai siyasi (political) medan mai kafi dushman peda kar diye thy aur ye afwahen bhi gardish karne lagin ke wo "ek gher mulki nasal ki yahodi aurat" thi. Ek hartal ke leader ko farigh na karne ki wajah se usy communist bhi qarar dya jane laga. Wo senate ki judiciary committee ke samny pesh hoi aur tamam elzamat ko ura kar rakh dya. Taham, Frances Perkins ka zahen zabardast dabao ka shikar tha, aur 1940 mai us nai Roosevelt ko apna resign manzoor karne per esrar kya.

Dosri aalmi jang (second war) ke douran us nai Roosevelt aur F.B.I ke director J. Edgar Hoover ko gher mulki bashindo ke finger prints lene sai rokna chaha magar na-kam rahi. Us nai jang ke dor mai karobari afrad aur mazdooron ko mutahid kya.

Taham, Frances Perkins koi qabile masalehat nuswaniyat pasand bhi nahi thi: azeem moashi bohran ke dor mai us ne kaha tha ke shadi shudah aurton ko chahiye ke wo nokrian chor kar be-rozgaron ko mulazmat ke zayda mawaqa fraham karen. Wo "msavi huqooq ki trameem" ki bhi mukhalif rahi.

Roosevelt ke mout (death) ke baad Frances Perkins nai kuch arsa true men ke dour mai khidmat anjam din, 1945 mai 12 sal baad secretary of state ke oahdey sai farigh hoi. Agly baras us Franklin D. Roosevelt ki swaneh umri shaya ki: "The Roosevelt I Knew" aur esy "mukamil tor per Franklin D. Roosevelt ke haq mai" qarar diya gaya. 1945 sai 1953 tak wo civil service commission ki rukun rahi, aur 1957 sai akhir tak "kernel university school of industrial and labor relations" mai professor ke tor per parhati rahi.

Intaqal (Death of Frances Frances Perkins):

Frances perkins 85 baras ki umer mai New York city mai fot (death) hoi. Wo America ki tareekh mai kuch nihayat ameeq smaji tabdelion ki masvari aur memar thien.

Frances Perkins Books:

• Export Performance and Enterprise Reform in China's Coastal Provinces
• The Impact of Japanese Government Energy Policies on Fuel Switching and Conservation: A Dynamic Approach
• An economic overview of coal-based developments in the upper Hunter
• Integration of Women Into Development in the Asian Region
• Two Views of American Labor
• Productivity Performance and Priorities for the Reform of China's State-owned Enterprises
• The financing of, and charging for resource related infrastructure
• Practical Cost Benefit Analysis: Basic Concepts and Applications
• Impact of Government Energy Policies on Inter-fuel Substitution in Japan
• Japan's Energy Policies: An Australian Perspective
• A Dynamic Approach to Estimating Inter-fuel Substitution in Japanese Energy Demand
• The Roosevelt I Knew
• The impact of economic reform on productivity growth in Chinese industry
• China's Transitional Economy between Plan and Market
• Federalism and the Environment: Economic Issues
• An Estimate of Unemployment in the Hunter, February, 1982
• Integration of Women's Concerns Into Development Planning: Market Interventions

Frances Perkins Quotes:

• Most Of Man's Problems Upon This Planet, In The Long History Of The Race, Have Been Met And Solved Either Partially Or As A Whole By Experiment Based On Common Sense And Carried Out With Courage.

• Being A Woman Has Only Bothered Me In Climbing Trees.

• The Quality Of His Being One With The People, Of Having No Artificial Or Natural Barriers Between Him And Them, Made It Possible For Him To Be A Leader Without Ever Being Or Thinking Of Being A Dictator.

• In America, Public Opinion Is The Leader.

• To One Who Believes That Really Good Industrial Conditions Are The Hope For A Machine Civilization, Nothing Is More Heartening Than To Watch Conference Methods And Education Replacing Police Methods.

• The Door Might Not Be Opened To A Woman Again For A Long, Long Time, And I Had A Kind Of Duty To Other Women To Walk In And Sit Down On The Chair That Was Offered, And So Establish The Right Of Others Long Hence And Far Distant In Geography To Sit In The High Seats.

 
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