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Georgia O'Keeffe

1887-1986

Georgia O'Keeffe was born on 15 November 1887 in Prairie, Wisconsin, United States. She was the famous painting artist. In 1916 Georgia came to the notice of the New York art community. Her mother name was Ida O’Keeffee and father name was Francis Calyxtus. Georgia Totto O'Keeffe was a best artist in the world and she rote many Quotes. She got married in 1919 with Alfred Stieglitz. Artist's O’Keeffe in its effects to the invention is based on a technique known parts found in nature under which it is presented in such a beautiful manner that they adopt new and surprising shapes. She is known as an abstract artist. Georgia O’Keeffe died in 6 March 1986 in Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States. In this page we provide information, life history, quotes, paintings details and biography about Georgia O’Keeffe in Urdu and Hindi.
 
 
 
Georgia O'Keeffe

Biodata:

Name: Georgia Totto O'Keeffe

Personality: Painting Artist

Born (Birthday): 15 November 1887

Birth Place: Prairie, Wisconsin, United States

Husband Name: Alfred Stieglitz

Father Name: Francis Calyxtus

Mother Name: Ida O’Keeffee

Died: 6 March 1986 in Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States

Zindagi ke Halat (Life History with Biography):

Georgia O’Keeffe 15 November 1887 ko Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, United States mein peda hoein in ke walid ka naam (father name) Francis Calyxtus O'Keeffe tha aur Maa ka name (mother name) Ida O'Keeffe tha. O’Keeffee ne Sun Prairie Wisconsin mai ek farm per parwarish pai aur apny saat (7) behan bhaion (seven brothers and sisters) mai dosry (second) number per thi. Wo moseeqi (music) mai khuda-dad slahiat ki malik thi aur bachpan (childhood) mai hi artistic khsosyat aur dilchaspi ka muzahira karny lagi. Us ne dawa kya ke wo 10 ki umer mai hi artist banney ke mutalliq jan gai thi. Us ne 1902 tak Madison ke ek convent school mai taleem hasil ki. Tab us ka khandan (family) Williams Burg, Virginia muntaqil ho gai. O’Keeffe ne larkion ke ek boarding school mai apni taleem (education) ka silsila jari rakha jahan art teacher aur principal ne us ki slahiaton ka shnakht kya aur us ki hosla afzai ki. Georgia O’Keeffe ko graduation mukammal (complete) karny per ek khsosi art diploma mila. 1905 se 1906 tak wo art institute of Chicago mai "caste and figure" drawing sekhti rahi aur phir New York mai arts student league mai naam darj karwaya. League mai us nai ek murda khargosh (dead Rabbit) aur petal ke bartan ki still life painting ke liye inam jeeta (won prize). Apni kamyabi ke ba-wajood Georgia O’Keeffe ne mehsoos kya ke wo mehaz apny teachers ki nqaali aur wahi purani techniques estemal (use) kar rhi thi. Hosla past ho jany ke baes woh kai baras (few years) tak paint na kar saki.

Us dour mai Georgia ka baap (father) maali masael ka shikar tha aur maa (mother) tap-diq ke baes mar rahi thi. Georgia O’Keeffe ko finance ki zrorat thi. 1909 mai us nai eshteharat (commercial) tayar karny waly ek farm me mulazimat (job) kar li. Agley baras (year) motiea ke baies nazar kamzor (eye side week) ho jany ke baad wo Charlottesville, Virginia me waqeoa apny nae ghar (new home) me ghar walon ke pas wapis aa gai. Apni behno (sisters) ke esras per us ne university of Virginia me Alon Bement se class lena shoru kar di. Bement nai usy design ke mashriqui qawaid aur jadid art sai mutaruf karwaya. Bilkhsos Wassily Kandinsky ke kam se jo tajreedi art ke banion (fonders) mai sai ek hen.

Shadi (Marriage):

1919 mai Georgia O’Keeffe, Alfred Stieglitz ke sath rehny New York chali gai; Aur 5 baras baad wo rishta-e-azdwaj mai munsalik ho gay aur akhir kaar in done aik hone ka fesla kar liya aur shadi kar li.

Takhliq aur Ijad (Creation and Invention):

Artist Georgia O’Keeffe ki apny shoabey mai asrat ki bunyad wo technique ejad karna hai jis ke tehat fitrat mein milne waley jane pehchane hisson ko es tarha khobsurat andaz mein pesh kiya jata hai ke woh nai aur herat angeez shaklein aur rang ikhtayar kar lein. O’Keeffe aik tajridi musawara ke tour per jani jati hai, lekin is ki zindagi ke doran usey “Precisionist” ka label bhi diya gaya, kyounke woh askal ko bare wazah aur thikey kinaron ke sath pesh kiya karti thi; es ke elawa esy “Sir Realist” qarar diye jane ki wajha paintings mein mein ashya ke anokhey combinations thy, maslan khopriyan aur phool (flower). Us ke kam ko mavarai, sofiana aur nuswani jinsi takheel sai labraiz bhi btaya gya. Es akhri (last) tabeer ko Georgia O’Keeffe ne sakhti sai rad kya. Khud artist ke be-misal johar mai kafi kuch gher mutnaza nazar ata hai: ach'hota-pan, enfiradiat pasandi, khud eradiat aur khalqi tor per dakhli. Woh apny kam aur gher masalihat pasandana anaz hayat ki wjah sai aurton mai bohat pasndeeda bani, aur yhan shumar kiye jany ki mustahiq qarar pai.

Career:

1913 ke baad se Georgia O’Keeffe ne yake baad degry kai jaghon per art parhaya. Amarillo Texas mai Maxican bachcho ko art parhany ka usy khas tor per maza aya. Taham, sal ke akhir (end of year) mai jab school board ne bhondi si copy book estemal karwany per zor dya tw Georgia O’Keeffe ne nokri (job) chor di kun ke us ka khayal tha ke es trah bachcho ki takhleeqi slahiat mutasir hogi. Tab us ne Arthur Wesley Dow ke pas tajreedi art parhny ki khatir Columbia university ke teachers college mai dakhla leny ka faisla kya. Columbia mai Dow ke ek tareqa-kar ne usy bohat mutassir kya: Wo apny shagirdon ko tajreedi khutoot aur ashkal bnane ko kaha karta tha. Georgia O’Keeffe ne South Carolina ke ek choty se college mai waqt guzarny ke douran ye techniques apny apny tor per bhi estemal kar ke dykhi. Pahly us ne charcoal estemal kya aur phir water color mai tabaa-azmai ki. Wo ek aesa style bnana chahti thi jo us ke apny nazariat aur niji agahi ko bayan kare.

1915 mai Georgia O’Keeffe apni kuch ek charcoal aur drawings qareebi dost aur Columbia college ke sathi talib-elm Anita Pollitzer ko bhijwaen, aur ye shart bhi aied ki ke Pollitzer enhy ksi aur ko nahi dikhae gi. Magar Pollitzer apny wade ki khilaf warzi karty hoe foran hi un drawings ko ly kar mash'hoor photographer aur New York mai ek gallery ke malek Alfred Stieglitz ke pas gai. Alfred drawings dekh kar bohat mutassir hoa. Usy khas tor per ek bat per herat thi ke ye drawings ksi aurat ne takhleeq ki thi. Us ne 1916 mai degar artists ke kam ke sath enhy bhi numaish mai rakh dya. Khabar milny per Georgia O’Keeffe New York gai. Gallery per dhawa bola aur Alfred se mutalba kya ke us ki takhleeqat ko hata dy. Leken Alfred ne usy samjhaya. Es mulaqat ke nateejy mai Georgia O’Keeffe aur 51 sala Alferd ke darmyan ek taveel professional aur niji talluq qaim ho gya. 1917 mai Alfred ne Georgia O’Keeffe ki takleeqat ki numaish munaqad ki (us ne yake baad degrey 21 khwateen ka kam pesh karney ka mansooba banaya tha.) Georgia O’Keeffe Stieglitz mash'hoor jadeed artists ke group ki pahli khatoon rukun bani. Wo Alfred Stieglitz ke liye ek mozoa bhi ban gai jis ne 1917 se 1937 ke douran us ki 500 se zaed tasveerein lien (more then 500 pictures). Jorey (Pair) ne kuch arsa New York city aur kuch Lake George mai waqoa Stieglitz ki jageer per guzara.

1920 ki dehai ke douran O’Keeffe ne pholon, shehri manazir foam houses ki sada, tajreedi aur magnified paintings banana shoru kar di. Kaha jata hai ke us ki dhmaky se urty hoe pholon waly images Alfred ke asar ka nateeja hain. 1926 mai paint ki gai "black iris" es ki ek misal hai. 1928 mai O’Keeffe tehreek ke nae zraye tlash karny lagi. 2 sahelion (friends) ki dawat per us ne 1929 ka mosame garma Mexico mai guzara. Usy new Mexico ki pheli hoi, rango se bharpor dharti aur asman bohat acha laga aur aenda her mosame garma wahin guzarny lagi, aur mosame sarma mai Alfred ke pas wapis aa jati. Alfred ne sohru mai tw en alehdgion se khatra mehsoos kya, magar anjam-e-kar es entezam ko qabool kar lya. Wo dono ek dosry se dor hony ke douran khat-o-kitabat karty aur khayalat-o-ehsesat share kary rahy.

Zindagi ka Aakhri Dour (Last stage of Life):

1946 mai Georgia O’Keeffe ka kam New York ke museum of modern art mai rakha gya, wo ye aezaz hasil karny wali pahli aurat (women) thi. Usi baras (year) Alfred fout (death) ho gya aur Georgia O’Keeffe mustaqil tor per Mexico muntaqil ho gai. Wo kuch arsa gaon (village) se bahir waqoa maveshion ke dery per bhi guzarti jo us ne 5 baras (5 years) pahly khareda tha. Us ne bohat si paintings takhleeq ki, apni kyarion mai sabzian ugaen aur roti ke liye chaki per khud aata peesa. Zindagi ke baad ke barso mai isfaar ke douran hawai jhaz (airplane) se dykhe hoe badloon (clouds) ke manazir us ki paintings ka khas mozoa bany. En paintings mai badal pechy ki taraf ek la-mehdodiat ka tassur en ki sofiana ya mawarai toabeer ka mohrik bna. Shayad baad ki paintings ek aese artist ka vision pesh karti hai jo zaeef-ul-umri ki janib mael thi.

1960 ki dehai mai Georgia O’Keeffe ne America bhar ke shehron mai apni paintings ki numaiesh munaqoad ki. Wo "American Academy Of Arts And Letters" aur "American Academy Of Arts And Science" ki rukun muntakhib hoi. 1968 mai us ki drawings ka ek entekhab shaya hoa.

1944 mai Stanford Connecticut ke Whitney museum mai lagai jany wali ek numaiesh mai wo photographs rakhi jo Alfred aur degar photographers ne Georgia O’Keeffe ki li thin. Numaiesh ki muntazin Kathleen Monaghan ne tasurat bayan karty hoe kaha ke Georgia en tsaveer (pictures) mai "ek mutmaien, pur-sukoon aur mateen mozoa nazar ati hai." ye tasurat ek aesi aurat aur artist ki dakhli tmaniat bayan karty hen jis ne sirf aur sirf apny zor-e-bazu se zindagi aur fun mai kamyabi hasil ki thi.pesh karti hai jo zoaeef-ul-umri ki janib maiel thi.

Georgia O’Keeffe ka Intaqal (Death of Georgia O’Keeffe):

Georgia O’Keeffe apni zindagi ke aakhri din New Mexico me guzarein aur bil akhir 6 March 1986 ko Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States mein in ka intaqal (death) ho gaya.

Quotes of Georgia O’Keeffee:

• I've been absolutely terrified every moment of my life and I've never let it keep me from doing a single thing that I wanted to do.
• I found I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn't say any other way things i had no worlds for.
• I have things in my head that are not like what anyone has taught me shapes and ideas so near to me so natural to my way of being and thinking that it hasn't occurred to me to put them down.
• Nobody sees a flower really it is so small it takes time we haven't time and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time.
• Whether you succeed or not is irrelevant, there is no such thing. Making your unknown known is the important thing.
• I'll paint it big and they will be surprised into taking the time to look at it I will make even busy New Yorkers take time to see what I see of flowers.
• To create one's own world in any of the arts takes courage.
• When you take a flower in your hand and really look at it, it's your world for the moment.
• I know now that most people are so closely concerned with themselves that they are not aware of their own individuality, I can see myself, and it has helped me to say what I want to say in paint.
• I know I can not paint a flower. I can not paint the sun on the desert on a bright summer morning but maybe in terms of paint color I can convey to you my experience of the flower or the experience that makes the flower of significance to me at that particular time.
• Whether you succeed or not is irrelevant; there is no such thing. Making your unknown known is the important thing.
• Where I was born and where and how I have lived is unimportant. It is what I have done with where I have been that should be of interest.
• The meaning of a world to me is not as exact as the meaning of a color. Colors and shapes make a more definite statement than words.
• To create one's own world takes courage.

 
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