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Gertrude Stein

1887-1986

Gertrude Stein was born on 3 February 1874 in Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. Her mother name was Fmilia Stein and father name was Daniel Stein. Gertrude Stein was an American famous writer. She wrote many poetry, plays, novels and quotes. Gertrude Stein was the youngest of seven siblings after spending his childhood in Paris, Diana and grew up in Oakland, California, where his father Street Railway and had earned a lot of money in property transactions. Gertrude stein raised by the tutors and parents ignored it always been very close to his older brother. She died in 27 July 1946 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. In this page you will read and information about Gertrude Stein biography, Career, life history and quotes in Urdu, English and Hindi.
 
 
 
Gertrude Stein

Biodata:

Name: Gertrude Stein

Personality: Writer

Born (Birthday): 3 February, 1874

Birth Place: Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

Died: 27 July, 1946, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

Father Name: Daniel Stein

Mother Name: Emilia Stein

Biography:

Gertrude Stein Allegheny, Pennsylvania mai peda hoi, wo aik novels, shayari (poetry) aur drama (plays) ki American writer thien aur Daniel aur Emilia ke 7 bachchon (seven children) mai sab sai choti thi. Bachpan Diana aur Paris mai guzarney ke baad us nai Oakland, California mai parwarvish pai jahan us ke baap nai street railway aur jaidad ke lain dain mai kafi dolat hasil kar li thi. Gertrude Stein ko tutors nai pala aur maa baap nai hamesha nazar andaz kia. Lehaza wo apney bary bhai ke bohat qareeb ho gai. Gertrude Stein Leo ke pech’hey Harvard gai jo kuch arsy baad Radcliff mai tabdeel ho gya. Waha us nai philosophy William James ke pas nafsiat ka mutala kia. 1897 mai graduation ke baad wo John Hopkins university medical school, Baltimore, Maryland university mai medicine parhney gai, lekin us nai jald hi mehsos kar lya ke us ki asal dilchaspi ka markaz adab hai. Chothey sal mai wo bilkul ukta gai, ek ahem course mai fail hoi aur university chor di.

Career:

Gertrude Stein ko aj mukhtalif hawalon sai yad kya jata hai. Paris mai us ka saloon jahan us nai adab aur art mai F Scott Fitzgerald aur Pablo Picasso jesi deo qamat shaksiat ki hosla afzai ki, ek jumla ke “gulab ek gulab hai” aur Alice B. Toklas ke sath us ki dosti. Fanone latifa ki sar parasti ke asrat bohat mash’hor hain. Magar wo ek ahem musnifa (writer) ke tor per bhi shanakht ki haqdar hai. Jadid adab mai ek sar-kardah ikhtara pasand ki hasiat mai us nai James Joyce aur Ernest Hemingway ke elawa “new Franc ke novel nigaron” aur Beat generation ke musanafeen (writers) per bhi asrat muratib kiea.

Life History:

1902 ke mosame garma mai Gertrude Stein aur Leo Landon gay aur Bari Bloom’s mai ek flat kiraey (rent) per lya. 1903 mai America ke ek mukhatsar siahati dorey ke baad wo Paris mai apney bhai ke pas wapis chali ai. Leo Stein ne art ke ek naqad ke tor per kuch shohrat hasil kar li. Dono behan bhai cubist art ke ahem fun parey aur cubist artists ko jama kartey rahey. Us ka makan (house) Picasso aur Georges Braque jesy painters ki mehfil gah ban gya. Stein us mehfil ki sar kardah rukun thi aur us ki aara khsosi wazan rakhti thin. Dost painters ki techniques aur dilchaspion ne Stein ki apni tehrir per bhi asrat murattib kiea. Us ki pahli kitab “Three Lives” 1919 mai shaya (publish) hoi jis mai mehanat kash tabqey ki teeb aurton ka mutala pesh kya gya tha.

1905 mai Baltimore sai talluq rakhney wali ek dost Etta Cone Paris chali ai aur Stein ke sath us ka ham jins parstana noaiat ka talluq bana. Es talluq ke doran mai wo jaded art ke liea Stein ke zoq-o-shoq sai agah hoi aur jab America wapis gai tw Stein ke mashwarey ke mutabiq apni behan Claribel ke sath mil kar America mai jaded art ka ek ahem tareen ebtedai entekhab ekattha kya.

1907 mai Stein ki mulaqat Alice B. Toklas sai hoi aur zindagi bhar usi ke sath wabista rahi. Ye ham jins parastana talluq bohat mash’hor hoa. 1912 ke baad dono ek hi makan mai rahney lagen. 27 Rue De Fleurus per waqoa un ka makan Paris mai mash’hor tareen adbi saloon ban gya aur Sherwood Anderson, Fitzgerald aur Ernest Hemingway jesy ahl-e-qalm wahan ae. Gertrude Stein nai un musanafin ko “gumshuda nasal” kaha.

1920 ki dehai ke awakhir mai Gertrude Stein aur Toklas kuch arsa Paris mai aur kuch arsa dehi elaqay Bilignin mai guzarti thin. 1930 ki dehai mai Gertrude Stein ka talluq ham jins parast naghma saz Virgil Thompson ke sath bana. Donu ki mulaqat Susan B. Anthony ki zindagi per mubani ek Opera mai hoi. Us Opera ki kamyabi nai 1934-35 mai ek fatihana American lecture tour ke liea rah hamwar kar di. Natijatan milney wali shohrat nai Gertrude Stein ko mash’hor tareen musanafin (writers) ki saf mai la khra kya.

Dosri aalmi jang (second world war) ke doran France per German ka qabza honey ke bawajood Gertrude Stein aur Toklas apny dehi ghar mai mihfooz rahy. Jang ke baad Gertrude Stein nai kai nojwan American fojion sai dosti ki aur un ke mutalliq “Brewsie and Willie” 1949 mai likha.

Gertrude Stein Pablo Picasso ka banya hoa apna ek portrait Metro Politian museum of art, New York ko dy gai. Jab ke apny masodat Yale university library ko diya.
Gertrude Stein ki tasnifat hamesha mutnaza rahy. Agarcha “Alice B. Toklas ki sawanh umri” (1933) asan andaz mai likhi gai lykin us ki zayada tar degar kitaben (bookd) (bashmol “Tender Buttons” aur “The Making of Americans”) mushkil hain. Kuch niqadon nai us ki tehriron (written) mai maswari ka cubist style dykhaya.

Gertrude Stein ke asrat ka makhiz us ki tehriron ki bajae us ka regal Paris saloon hai. Apni ana parsti, takabbur aur khud pasndi ke bawajood Gertrude Stein besvi sadi (21 century) ki nihayat ba-asar khwateen mai sai ek hain. Us nai art aur adab mai jadidiat ka taswur mutashkil kya. Wo apni ham jins parsti ke bais bhi dunya bhar mai shohrat rakhti hai. Kaha jata hai ke kisi bhi aur ham jins parast aurat bai us jesy bahadurana aur be-bak andaz mai aurat sai aurat ki muhabbat ka ezhar nahi kya. Magrabi dunya mai jab kisi mash’hor ham jins parast aurat ka nam pocha jae tw logon ke zahen mai aksar Gertrude Stein ka hi nam ata hai.

Intaqal (Death):

Gertrude Stein 27 july 1946 ko Neuilly Sur Seine, Nanterre, France mai cancer ki wajah se intaqal (death) kar gai.

Gertrude Stein Quotes:

• I have always noticed that in portraits of really great writers the mouth is always firmly closed.

• Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense.

• Romance is everything.

• It is funny that men who are supposed to be scientific cannot get themselves to realize the basic principle of physics, that action and reaction are equal and opposite, that when you persecute people you always rouse them to be strong and stronger.

• It is extraordinary that whole populations have no projects for the future, none at all. It certainly is extraordinary, but it is certainly true.

• Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose.

• I like a view but I like to sit with my back turned to it.

• We are always the same age inside.

• Men and girls, men and girls: Artificial swine and pearls.

• America is my country and Paris is my hometown.

• It is the soothing thing about history that it does repeat itself.

• There is too much fathering going on just now and there is no doubt about it fathers are depressing.

• Difference between saints, forget-me-nots, and mountains, have to, have to and have to at a time.

• I have declared that patience is never more than patient. I too have declared that I who am not patient am patient.

• A vegetable garden in the beginning looks so promising and then after all little by little it grows nothing but vegetables, nothing, nothing but vegetables.

• The earth is the earth as a peasant sees it, the world is the world as a duchess sees it, and anyway a duchess would be nothing if the earth was not there as the peasant sees it.

• It is very easy to love alone.

• The deepest thing in any one is the conviction of the bad luck that follows boasting.

• An audience is always warming but it must never be necessary to your work.

• Money is always there but the pockets change; it is not in the same pockets after a change, and that is all there is to say about money.

• The thing that differentiates man from animals is money.

• Nature is commonplace. Imitation is more interesting.

• Silent gratitude isn't very much to anyone.

 
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