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Indira Gandh

Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister was a great woman. Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad, India. Her father’s name was Jawaharlal Nehru and mother name was Kamala Nehru. Indira’s husband name was Feroze Gandhi and she has two children’s (sons) Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi. When the young Indira, his parents sent him "Shanti Niketan" of Tagore, where Indira’s achieved perfection in the classical dance. Up to the 18 years in the castle “Teen Murti”, she meeting, watching and keeping the conversation with the wold's great people.
During this period she was selected president of the Indian National Congress. Since becoming Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who served cannot forget it. On 31 October 1984, the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was killed (assassination) at his home. In this page you will find and read Indira Gandhi biography, political career and life history in Urdu and Hindi.

 
 
 
Indira Gandhi

Biodata:

Name: Indira Gandhi

Personality: Former Prime Minister of India

Born (Birthday): 19 November 1917

Birth Place: Allahabad, India

Fields: Politics

Political Party: Indian National Congress

Husband Name: Feroze Gandhi

Children: (sons) Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi

Parents: Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamala Nehru

Death (Assassinated): 31 October 1984

Biography:

Indira Gandhi, Hindustani wazer-e-azam aik azeem Khatoon thien. Jawaharlal Nehru ki ladli Indira Gandhi Hindustan ke shehar Allahabad mein Motilal Nehru ke aali shan mehal “Anand Bhawan” mein 19 November 1917 ko peda hoein aur aaram aur musaraton se labreez mahol mein aankh kholi. Nehru ki aik loti beti ko etne bare mehal mein guriyon se khelne ke alawa aur koi masrofiyat na thi. Lekin pandit Nehru ki siyasi masrofiyat aur giraftariyon ki wajha se Indira Gandhi Allahabad, Lucknow aur maghrabi mamalik ke schools mein taleem hasil karti rahien.
Baap ko beti ki tarbeyat ka es qadar janon tha ke jab bhi beti se juda hota ese piyar bhare khatout likhta. 198 khatot ka ye majmoa Bharat mein kitabi shakal mein chap chukka hai woh apni missal aap hai jis mein Nehru ne Hindustan ki tarekh bhi bayan ki hai. ksi baap ne apni beti ko etne khatot nahi likhein hon gey.
Jawani ki dehlez per qadam rakhte he Indira ko es ke waldain ne Tagore ke “Shanti Niketan” mein bhej diya. Jahan Indira ne classical raqs khasusan mony pori nach mein khosusan kamal hasil kiya.
Pandit Nehru ne apni siyasi jadojehad ki sargarmiyon aur bad mein wazer-e-azam ki go na go masrofiyat ke ba-wajod zindagi ka aik din bhi aesa nahi guzara jab woh apni beti ki tarbeyat se ghafil rahe hon. Hindustan ke andar Europe, America aur Roce ki saiyahat ke doran her jagha woh apne baap ki humsafar, hum-dam aur rafiq-kar rahien. Hatta ke jab Pandit Nehru wazer-e-azam ban kar Delhi ke sarkari bangle “Teen Murti” mein muntaqil howe to Indira jis ke es waqt do (2) bache bhi they apne khawand se alag apne baap ke ghar farokash ho gai aur Nehru ki zindagi ke aakhri lamhat tak Akeley aur tanha baap ki nighahon ka noor aur dil ka saror ban kar haq khidmat ada karti rahien.
Indira Gandhi 18 saal tak “Teen Murti” mehal mein duniya ki azeem tareen shakhsiyaton ko dekhti rahin, in se milti rahein aur in se maho-guftagu hoti rahein. Es arsey mein woh aik baar Indian national congress ki sader bhi muntakhib hoien. Aur baap ki wafat ke baad Lal Bahadur Shastri ki kabina mein information aur broadcasting ki wazeer bhi rahein.

Mother of Indira Gandhi:

Indira Gandhi ki maa ka naam Kamala tha. Cool ki larki Kamala Lahore ki punjaban thi jab parhti thi to kamli kamli mash,hor thi, Muslim larkiyan es ki dost thien. Pher in ki shadi Jawaharlal Nehru se ho gai aur woh Allahabad chali gaien. In dino Ludhiana mein aik khaddar qisam ka dhari dar mota kapra banta tha. Es kapre ke than per Kamala ki tasaver banai jati thi ta ke congressi ese kharidein. Kamala jald he mar gai, in ki aik he aulad thi Indira yani “barish ki divi” es ki tarbeyat bare aehtamam se ki gai.

As an Indian Prime Minister:

Bharat ki wazer-e-azam banne ke baad Indira Gandhi ne jis hikmat aur qowat se samraj ki syndicate ko khatam kiya, najling apa ko latada aur desai ka safaya kiya aur sarmaya daron ki zabardast mukhalfat ke ba-wajod banks aur insurance companies ko qomi malkiyat mein le liya. Ye sare karname Indira Gandhi ke pukhta siyasi shaor aur benal aqwami raftar siyasat ki gehri soch boch ki nishani hai. Bharti wazer-e-azam Indira Gandhi ne tamam mulk se talash ke baad danishwaro, mufakiron, science dano, adebon aur sahafiyon ka aik bohat bada anser musheron aur secretaryon ki shakal mein akhatta kar liya jo din raat Nehru ke adarshon ki takmil mein masrof raha. Yahi Indira ka mission tha.
Indira Gandhi ki shahsiyat siyasat mein ibtada he mein matanaza ban gait hi, in ko pasand karne wale jo haqiqatan tadad mein bohat zyada they inhein bohat zyada pasand karte they aur in se nafrat karne wale bhi apni nafrat mein etne he mutashadud they. Indira Gandhi ke kai fesle mozo behas bane.
1966 mein party ki qayadat sambhalne ke baad unho ne baaz aese fesley kiye jis se party ke baaz senior leaders ko shaded ikhtalaf tha aur es se in mein bad dili pheli hoi thi. bazahir aesa malom hota tha ke woh apne walid Jawaharlal Nehru ki congress party ko intashar ka shikar kar dey gi aur bala-aakhir party khatam ho jae gi. Magar Indira Gandhi ke in faislon aur iqdamat ke natije mein na sirf party mazboot hoi balke mulk mein siyasi estehkam bhi peda howa. Indira ke aehad hokumat mein bijli ki pedawar aur still mils ki machinery mein na sirf khud-kafeel ban gaya balke aik azeem sanati inqalab ka mulk ban gaya. In ke dor mein 97% motors aur gariyan Bharti sanat giri ki pedawar thein.

Siyasi Khidmaat aur 1971 ka Jang (Political Career and War of 1971):

1971 mein Indira Gandhi ne sabqa mashriqi Pakistan aur mojoda Bangladesh mein foji kaarwai kar ke aik siyasi jowa khela tha jis ke natijey mein mulk mein in ki siyasi maqboliyat mein zabardast izafa howa.

Indira Gandhi ka siyasi Zawal (The Political fall of Indira Gahdhi):

In ke baaz iqdamat ke natije mein in ki maqboliyat mein batadreej kami hoti chali gai aur aik waqt woh aaya ke June 1985 mein Indira Gandhi ne Bharat mein dakhli emergence nafiz kardi jis ke tehat tabaat se qabal akhbarat per censorship ki pabandi aaed kar di gai. Dosri taraf in ke betey Sanjay Ghandhi ka bhi amal dakhal badhta gaya. Bharat jese jamhori mulk mein awam emergence ke qawanin per sakht bar-hum ho gaey. Aur 1977 ke intakhabat mein Indira Gandhi ke khelaf hazb-e-ikhtalaf ki nou tashkel jama-at janta party ne bhari aksaryat se intakhabat jeet liya.

Indira Gandhi ki Zindagi ka Naya Dor (A New Era of Indira Gandhi’s Life):

Intakhabat mein shikast ke baad Indira Gandhi ki zindagi ka aik naya baab shoru howa unho ne awam ke samne tasleem kiya ke mulk mein emergence aur dosre gher jamhori qawanin ka nefaz in ki sab se bari ghalati thi janta party ki hokumat ne mrs Indira Gandhi ke khelaf muqadmat ka silsila shoru kiya aur inhein 2 martaba jail bhej diya gaya. Parliament ki rukunyat bhi khatam kar di gai. Janta party ke in iqdamat aur aapus ke ikhtalafat ki wajha se Indira Gandhi ki maqboliyat mein tezi se izafa howa aur January 1980 mein Bharat ki tarekh ke pehley darmiyani mudad ke intakhabat mein Mrs Indira Gandhi ko zabardast kamyabi hoi.
Ab in ke pass Parliament mein es qadar aksaryat thi ke woh aain mein apni marzi ke mutabiq ksi bhi qisam ki tarmem ya tabdili kar sakti thien. Lekin unho ne emergence ke tajurbey ko pesh-e-nazar rakhte howe ksi aesey eqdam se gureaz kiya jo inhein awam mein gher maqbol kar dey lekin Bharat ke makhsos siyasi aur geography halat ke pesh-e-nazar inhein roz ba roz intehai pecheda halat ka samna karna para. Pehley Assam mein Bangal ke musalmano ki aamad ka masla pher Gujrat ka masla aur maqboza Kashmir ki dakhli sorat-e-hal ke masael shamil they. Lekin aakhri dino mein Indira Gandhi ko Punjab ki surat-e-hal se nipatna pada jis mein in ki kai siyasi ghalatiyan hoein.

Indira Gandhi ke Sadmaat (Shocks of Indira Gandhi):

Indira Gandhi ko sab se bada sadma es waqt pohcha jab in ka chota beta aur in ka sab se bada siyasi rafiq aur musher Sanjay tayare ke hadsey mein halak ho gaya aur es ke baad es ki bewah Maneka Gandhi in ki siyasi hareef ban kar ubhri aur siyasat mein Indira Gandhi ko sab se badi zarb January 1983 ko es waqt pohchi jab congress ko Andhra Pradesh aur karnatak ke sobai intakhabat mein shekast hoi.

Indira Gandhi ka Intaqal (Death of Indira Gandhi):

31 October 1984 ko subha 9 bajey Bharti wazer-e-azam Indira Gandhi ko in ki sarkari rehaesh gah per qatal kar diya gaya.

Quotes of Indira Gandhi:

• The Power To Question Is The Basis Of All Human Progress.

• Have A Bias Toward Action - Let's See Something Happen Now. You Can Break That Big Plan Into Small Steps And Take The First Step Right Away.

• There Are Two Kinds Of People, Those Who Do The Work And Those Who Take The Credit. Try To Be In The First Group; There Is Less Competition There.

• A Nation' S Strength Ultimately Consists In What It Can Do On Its Own, And Not In What It Can Borrow From Others.

• My Grandfather Once Told Me That There Were Two Kinds Of People: Those Who Do The Work And Those Who Take The Credit. He Told Me To Try To Be In The First Group; There Was Much Less Competition.

• You Must Learn To Be Still In The Midst Of Activity And To Be Vibrantly Alive In Repose.

• People Tend To Forget Their Duties But Remember Their Rights.

• If I Die A Violent Death, As Some Fear And A Few Are Plotting, I Know That The Violence Will Be In The Thought And The Action Of The Assassins, Not In My Dying.

• My Father Was A Statesman, I Am A Political Woman. My Father Was A Saint. I Am Not.

• There Is Not Love Where There Is No Will.

• Even If I Died In The Service Of The Nation, I Would Be Proud Of It. Every Drop Of My Blood... Will Contribute To The Growth Of This Nation And To Make It Strong And Dynamic.

• One Must Beware Of Ministers Who Can Do Nothing Without Money, And Those Who Want To Do Everything With Money.

• Martyrdom Does Not End Something, It Only A Beginning.

• All My Games Were Political Games; I Was, Like Joan Of Arc, Perpetually Being Burned At The Stake.

• Forgiveness Is A Virtue Of The Brave.

• There Exists No Politician In India Daring Enough To Attempt To Explain To The Masses That Cows Can Be Eaten.

• You Cannot Shake Hands With A Clenched Fist.

 
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