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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the Sardar family of the Tambu tribe near Umtata. Nelson Mandela married the first marriage to a nurse named Evelyn Mase, who gave birth to two sons and three daughters.
Mandela stepped into politics in the student life. In 1940, he and his friend Oliver Tambo were expelled from Fort Hare University on Gravamen of unlawful activities. Later, Oliver Tambo remained with Mandela in all political struggles.
In 1944, Mandela and Oliver Tambo founded the African National Congress Youth League. In 1952, both friends also started advocates who were the first black farm lawyer in South Africa. That same year, Mandela was elected President of the African National Congress. In 1952 Nelson Mandela was arrested for the first time on charges of disobedience. He was sentenced to ninth months and their political activities were banned. They established a public congress under which the Charter of Freedom was created. It was actually the end of racism from South Africa. Nelson Mandela devoted the rest of his life to the implementation of this charter and it succeeded.
In 1956, Mandela and his two friends were arrested. In 1961, Mandela was released again.
Mandela was arrested for illegally traveling abroad. He was tried on charges of rebellion and terrorism. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in a trial called the “Ravinia Trial”, which consists of 27 years.
Nelson Mandela and De Clark awarded Nobel Peace Prize as a result of peace efforts; Nelson Mandela is the third black form to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1994, at the age of 75, Nelson Mandela took oath as president. In 1958, Mandela second married with Winnie.
 
 
 
Nelson Mandela

Biodata:

Name: Nelson Mandela (Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela)

Personality: Politician

Born (Birthday): 18 July 1918

Birth Place: Mvezo, Cape Province, South Africa

Fields: Politics

Death: 5 December, 2013, Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, South Africa

Wife Name:
Evelyn Ntoko Mase (1944 to 1958), Winnie Madikizela (1958 to 1996), Graca Machel (1998 and his death 2013)

Children: 6 (including Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah, Zindziswa Mandela, Zenani Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Thembekile Mandela)

Parents: Nosekeni Fanny, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa

Biography:

Nelson Mandela 18 July 1918 ko Umtata ke qarebi Tambo qabiley ke sardar khandan mein peda howe. Inhone talib-e-elmi ke zamane mein he siyasat mein qadam rakha. 1940 mein inhein aur in ke dost Oliver Tambo ko na pasindida sar-garmiyon ke elzam mein Fort Hare University se nikal diya gaya. Oliver Tambo baad mein tamam siyasi jado-jehad mein Mandela ke sath rahe.
University se nikale jane ke baad Nelson Mandela Johannesburg chaley gaey. Johannesburg jane ki aik wajha ye bhi thi ke in ke waladen khandan ki ksi larki ke sath in ki shadi karna chahte they, aur Mandela es shadi se farar chahtey they. Johannesburg mein Nelson Mandela ne aik Cancun ki haisiyat se kaam kiya aur esi doran qanon ki degree bhi hasil ki.

African National Congress Youth League ka Qayam (Establishment of African National Congress Youth League):

1944 mein Mandela aur Oliver Tambo ne African National Congress Youth League ki bunyad rakhi.
1952 mein dono doston ne wakalat bhi shoru kar di ye South Africa ke awaleen siyah form wakeel the. Esi baras Mandela African National Congress ke sader muntakhib howe. 1952 mein he Nelson Mandela ko pehli bar na-farmani ki tehrek chalane ke elzam mein griftar kar liya gaya. Inhein 9 month qaid ki saza hoi aur in ki siyasi sar-garmiyon per pabandi aaed kar di gai.

Nelson Mandela ka Azadi ke liye Jado-Jehad (Nelson Mandela's struggle for independence):

1955 mein unhone awami congress qaem ki jis ke tehat azadi ka charter tayar kiya gaya. Ye dar-asal south Africa se nasal parasti ka khatma tha Nelson Mandela ne baqi tamam zindagi esi charter per amal ke liye waqf kar di aur bala akhir es mein kamyabi hasil kar li.
1956 mein Mandela aur in ke 2 sathi griftar kar liye gaey. In per baghawat ka muqadma chala aur saza sunai gai. 1961 mein Mandela ko dobara rehai mili magar es doran 1960 mein national African congress per pabandi aaed ki ja chuki thi. rehai ke baad Mandela ruposh ho gaey chori chupey beron-e-mulk chaley gay. Jahan unho ne national African congress ka military wing qaem kiya.
1962 mein Mandela ko gher qanoni tor per beron-e-mulk jane ke elzam mein griftar kar liya gaya. In per baghawat aur dehshat gardi ke elzam mein muqadma chala. “Ravinia Trial” ke naam se mash-hor hone wale es muqadme ki sama-at 7 month tak jari rahi aur 12 June 1964 ko inhein umer qaed ki saza sunai gai jo 27 baras per mohet tehri.
Muqadme ki sama-at ke doran Mandela ne azadi ke charter ke haq mein dalael dete howe kaha:
“South Africa in tamam logo ka mulk ha jo es mein rehte hein, khwa woh kaley hon ya gorey koi bhi es waqt tak hukomrani ka dawa nahi kar sakta jab tak ese awam ki taed hasil na ho.”
Adalat mein he aik aur bayan mein unhone kaha
“Main ne safeed tasallut ke khelaf jado-jehad ki hai aur agar koi aesa waqt aaya tou main siyah farm ke khelaf bhi ladon ga. Main sirf aesa mashra chahta hon jahan jamhoriyat aur azadi ho ye mera ideal hai aur main esi ideal ke hosul ke liye zinda rahon ga balke agar zarorat mehsos hoi tou es ideal ke liye jan dene se bhi gurez na karon ga.”
June 1964 mein jab inhein umer qaed ki saza suna kar praetorian intazamia ne jail bhej diya tou kisey malom tha ke yeh shakhs duniya ka aehum tareen siyasi qedi ban jae ga. Aur kesy malom tha ke esi shakhs ke hathon nasal parasti ka khatma hoga. Safed farm aqleyati hokumat ko 27 saal baad aehsas howa ke es ne Mandela ko qaed nahi kiya balke apni policy ke natijey mein woh khud qaedi ban chuki hai. Nelson Mandela jail mein reh kar bhi tanha nahi they. Esey qaed karne wali praetorian hokumat duniya mein tanha reh gai thi. majboran esey 11 February 1990 mein Nelson Mandela ko reha karna para. Muzakrat ka aghaz howa aur Nelson Mandela jeet gaey.

Nelson Mandela Jail Mein (Nelson Mandela in jail):

Nelson Mandela ki umer qaed ka aghaz bad naam zamana “Ranib Jail” se howa jo Cape Town ke qareeb ek jazerey mein waqa hai. Jail mein Mandela se sakht mushaqat li jati. Inhein 20 saal tak yahan rakha gaya. April 1982 mein inhein pollsmoor ki jail mein bhej diya gaya. Esi baras Mandela ki rehai ke liye aik alam-geer muham ka aghaz howa. December 1988 mein inhein Cape Town ke qareeb victor verster jail mein ward ke ghar muntaqil kar diya gaya.
July 1986 ke baad se apni rehai tak Mandela ka jail mein aehum hokumati ohdey daron se rabta raha. 11 February 1990 ko reha hone ke baad unhone sader De Clark ki hokumran national party se jamhoriyat ki ba-hali ke liye muzakerat kiye. July 1991 mein Nelson Mandela African national party ke sader muntakhib ho gaey aur unhone tashadud ke khatme ke liye qoumi aman muhaedey per dastakhat kiye. Esi saal December mein jamhori janobi Africa ke qayam ke liye pehley muzakerat howe jo June 1992 mein siyah famo ke qatal ke baes tatel ka shkar ho gaey. Dobara muzakerat ke natije mein bala-akhir December 1993 mein aik tarekh saz abori aaen ki manzori de di gai. Jis ke tehat April 1994 mein pehley nasli intakhabat howe. Ye 300 sala tarekh mein pehle gher nasli intekhabat thein.

Noble Prize:

Aman ke liye ki jane wali koshesho ke natije mein Nelson Mandela aur De Clark ko Aman ka noble prize diya gaya. Nelson Mandela Aman ka noble prize hasil karne wale tesrey siyah farm hein.
75 baras ki umer mein jab Nelson Mandela ne 10 May 1994 ko south Africa ke pehley siyah farm sader ki hasiyat se halaf uthaya tou bohat se logo ki aankhein pur-num ho gai. Es waqt South Africa ki galiyon aur bazaron mein log jashan mana rahe they.

Zati Zindagi (Personal Life):

Nelson Mandela ne pehli shadi Evelyn Mase nami ek nurse ke sath 1945 mein ki es se 2 betey aur 2 betiyan peda hoein. Ye shadi 1958 tak bar-qarar rahi. Evelyn se peda hone wali aik bachi pedaesh ke 10 month baad mar gai. Jab ke beta 1969 mein car ke aik hadse mein halak ho gaya. Evelyn ab bhi zinda hai aur apne dosre shohar ke sath zindagi guzar rahi hai. Mandela ne dosri shadi 1958 mein Winnie ke sath ki Winnie South Africa ki pehli siyah farm social worker thi. Winnie se Mandela ki 2 betiyan peda hoen. Mandela ki griftari ke baad Winnie ne es ki rehai ke liye jado-jehad jari rakhi magar Mandela ki rehai ke sirf 2 saal baad in dono mein aesey ekhtalafat peda ho gay jo bala akhir April 1992 mein alehdgi per muntaj howe.

 
 
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