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Marie Curie

Marie Curie was born on 7 November 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. In childhood she learns Russian and French language. Marie Curie full name is “Maria Salomea Sklodowska Curie”. She is a Physicist and her field is Physics, chemistry. She was a genius woman in the world. She studied at Warsaw's clandestine Floating University. She discover of Polonium, Radium and its atomic weight. It is a best invention of Marie Curie because Radium uses for treatment of Cancer.
His father name was Wladyslaw Sklodowski and mother name was Bronislawa Sklodowska. Marie Curie Husband name was Pierre Curie and they have two daughters Irene Joliot-Curie and Eve Curie. Marie Curie died on 4 July 1934 in Passy, Haute-Savoie, France. In this page we provide information of Marie Curie life history, story, career, invention, biography, discoveries in Urdu and Hindi.
Marie Curie
 
 
 
 
 

Biodata:

Name: Marie Curie (Maria Salomea Skłodowska Curie)

Personality: Scientist, Physicist

Born (Birthday): 7 November 1867

Birth Place: Warsaw, Poland

Died: 4 July 1934 in Passy, Haute-Savoie, France

Fields: Physics, chemistry

Father Name: Wladyslaw Sklodowski

Mother Name: Bronislawa Sklodowska

Husband: Pierre Curie

Clildren: Irene Joliot-Curie, Eve Curie

Career and Biography:

Marie Curie 7 November 1867 ko Warsaw, Poland mein peda hoin. Bachpan se he inhone rosi, francise zuban sikhne ke elawa dastakari ki tarbeyat li, ala sanvi intehanat mein sone ka tamgha liya, chutiyon mein gaon gain tou ghora sawari aur peraki sekh li. Inhein geometry aur algebra se bhi bohat lagao tha. Aala sanvi talem ke baad marie Paris ki university mein shoba adwiyat mein dakhla lena chahti thien lekin ese walid ki muashi halat ki wajha se ijazat na mili kiyo ke bari behan Bronisława ko es se qabal ijazat mil chuki thi aur dono behno ka kharch walid bardasht na kar sakte thein chunancha Marie ne Poland mein rehne aur mehnat mazdori kar ke behan ka kharch bardasht karne ki than li aur ek ghar mein kaam karne lagi magar muashrati masael ki wajha se ese wapas walid ke pas jana para chemistry, math aur physics ki taleem hasil karne ke baad aik science collage mein parhna shoru kar diya lekin Paris ki kashesh aur apni behan ki dawat ne esy 1819 mein Paris jane per majbor kiya jahan es ne jahan Marie Curie ne Marboon ke tehqiqi adare se wabastagi ikhtayar kar li.

Marie Curie ki behan ne aik doctor se shadi kar li tou es ne Paris mein alehda aik kamra karae per ley kar rehna shoru kar diya jahan pani aur bijli ka bhi intazam na tha, sardiyon mein kuch koeley jala leti. Collage ke 4 sala dor mein ghurbat es ke humrah rahi es ki aik dost ne es ki behan ko es ke halat se aagah kiya tou es ne Marie ko aane ki dawat di magar khud-dari ki wajha se es ne inkar kar diya.

Marie Curie ne 1893 mein math mein graduation kiya aur imtehan mein es ki pehli position aa gai, agle saal inhone math mein he math mein he second division se master degree hasil ki, aik din apne polets dost scientist Kowalski se milne es ke ghar gai jahan es ki mulaqat mahir physics no-jawan Parie Curie se hoi jis ne mukhtalif qalmo per dabao ke asar se barqi-ro peda karne ka tariqa daryaft kiya tha. Es ke alawa barqi-ro ki intehai qalel maqdar ko napne ke liye aalat bhi daryaft kar chukka tha ab dono physics aur math ki guthiyan mil kar suljhate thein.

Lehaza Marie Curie aur Parie Curie ne 1895 mein shadi kar li. Aur 2 saal baad in ke yahan aik bachi Irene Joliot-Curie peda hoi maa, bap ki tarha es zaheen bachi ne 1935 mein chemistry mein Nobel Prize hasil kiya.

Marie ki tehqiqat bhi jari thi ke 1895 Wilhelm Rontgen ne x-rays shoaein daryaft kar liya aur agle saal Henri Becqueral ne herat angez inkashaf kiya ke Uranium se zabardast qowat ki shoaein kharij hoti hein. Es inkashaf ne science ki duniya mein hal-chal macha di apne khawand ke ejad karda aalat se Marie Curie ne es baat ki tasdiq ki ke yeh shoaein sirf aur sirf Uranium se kharij hoti hein aur in ka ikhraj uranium ke ksi dosre ansar se tabai ya kimyai tamul ka natija nahi, Uranium ki es infradi khosusiyat ko tabkari ka naam diya gaya.

Agle marhale mein Curie ne apni tehqiq es baat per murtakaz ki ke in shoaon ke ikhraj se atom mein kya tabdili peda hoti hai aur kya ksi dosre anser mein yeh tabdili peda ki ja sakti hai aparie physics ke school mein moalam thi lehaza apni tehqiqat jari rakhne ke liye school ki tajurba-ghah estamal karne ki ijazat de di gai 4 saal tak mukhtalif tajurbat karne ke baad Marie ne 2 nay anasir Polonium aur Radium daryaft karne mein kamyab ho gai, awal ul zikar anser es ke abai mulk Poland ke naam ki taraf mansob howa, Radium ki tabkari taqat Uranium se 1 lakh gunah zyada hai es daryaft per Marie, Parie aur Henri Becquerel ko 1903 mein nobel prize se nawaza gaya. Marie bimar thi aur stack home ja kar apna innam wasol karne se qasir rahi, Marie ki har taraf se tareef-o-tehsen hone lagi aur Marie ko Franc ke aala aezaz “Legend of Honor” ke liye nam-zad kiya gaya jis per es ne kaha ke es ke bajae aik tajurbah gah ke hosul ko zyada tarjeh deta hon, unhone tabkari ki jaded science daryaft ki aur duniya ko Radium aur es ki takhles ke tareqe se roshan-nas karaya. Marie ko jab e ski khidmat ke sile mein raqam ki pesh-kash ki gai tou es ne lene se inkar kar karte howe kaha “Radium qudrat ka atiya au res duniya ka asa-sa hai”. Marie ne Radium daryaft ki jis per aage chal kar 1902 mein aik angrez scientist Rutherford ne daryaft kiya ke tabkari inshaq-qaq johar (atom ke markaze mein tot phot) ka natija hai. 1911 mein es ne tabkari ki mukamal wazahat ke liye markazai nazarya (nuclear theory) pesh ki.

19 April 1906 ko Parie apne khayalat mein gum aik ajlas se wapis aa raha tha ke ghoda gadi se tasadum ke natije mein moqa per he ja-ba-haq ho gaya. Mairi ke liye na-qabil-e-bardasht sadma tha woh pehli khatoon thi jise France mein aala ohde per faez kiya gaya, es ne apne aap ko mukamil tour per bachon ki talem ke liye waqf kar diya 1911 mein es ko Radium ki takhles aur es ka atomic wazan malom karne per dosri martaba Nobel Prize diya gaya. Agle baras France hokumat ne es ke naam per Curie institute of Radium qaem kiya aur es ka sadar muntakhib kiya gaya.

Jang-e-azeem ke doran taleem-o-tehqiq ka kaam kuch arsa ruka raha. Jang ke ikhtatam per es ne taleem-o-tehqeq ke silsile ka dobara aaghaz kiya. 1921 ko American sadar Harding nee se aik American khatoon ki taraf se diya jane wala 1 gram Radium ka tohfa diya jo es ne Curie institute ko muntaqil kar diya. 1929 mein Warsaw mein qaem hone wale Curie institute ki taraf se bhi ese 1 gram Radium tohfe ke tour per pesh kiya gaya. 1 gram Radium ki qimat us waqt 1 lakh 50 hazar dolor thi.

Itaqal (Death):

1934 mein Radium he per tajurbat ke natije mein ese khon ke khaliyon ka marz la-haq howa jis ka es waqt koi ilaj mojod na tha. Albert Einstein jese azeem scientist ese es tarha kheraj-e-tehsen pesh karte hein ke “es ki mustaqil-mizaji, ikhlas, haqiqat pasandi aur behtar faisla karne ki salahiyat aese ausaf hein jo ksi aik shakhs mein pae jane bohat mushkil hai”.

4 July 1934 ko Marie Curie France ke mash-hor sewage mein intaqal (Death) kar gaein.

Books:

Es ne apne tajurbat aur tehqiqat per 2 kitabein (books) tehrer ki.

• Recherches Sur les substances Radioactives”
• 1904 mein dosri “Trate of the Radioactives” 1910 mein shaya hoi.

Nobel Prize:

Marie Curie wahid khatoon hein jin ko 2 baar Nobel Prize se nawaza gaya.

• Nobel Prize in Physics (1903)
• Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1911)

Awards:

• Davy Medal (1903)
• Matteucci Medal (1904)
• Elliott Cresson Medal (1909)
• Albert Medal (1910)
• Willard Gibbs Award (1921)

Marie Curie ki sari zindagi jehad-e-musalsal ki la-zawal dastan hai aesi he shakhsiyat per aj nou-insaniyat ka sir fakhar se buland hai. wazah rahe ke Curie ki daryaft karda anser radium se aik gass Radon musalsal kharij hoti rehti hai jo sartan (Cancer) ke ilaj ke liye behad moasar hai. es gass ko sheshe ki naliyon mein jama kar liya jata hai jinhein mareez ke sartan zada hisse ke qareeb gosht mein chobho dete hein jis se bimar patthe mutasir hote hein aur aahista aahista sartan (cancer) khatm hone lagta hai.

 
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